Throughout his scientific career, Julian has been investigating the human and mouse genomes.
In his research, he uses molecular biology, genomics, and bioinformatic tools to explore how damage to the genome causes genetic conditions such as infertility and cancer.
A primer on genomes, chromosomes, and genes
The genome is a book that guides molecular processes.
These metaphorical books are divided into chapters, called chromosomes.
Each human chromosome is made up of millions of letters. Within these sequences are small letter clusters known as genes, which spell out the code for specific proteins, the workhorses of molecular functions.
Mutations within or near these clusters can cause cellular malfunction.
For an explanation of the CRISPR genome editing technique, please view this video.